Cannabidiol, aka CBD, was first discovered out of the University of Illinois in 1940 but was not fully understood until 1963. CBD comes from the cannabis sativa plant which features two primary species: hemp and cannabis. While both hemp and cannabis contain CBD, there is a much higher percentage in hemp which also boasts a lower level of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) than cannabis. Today there are over 113 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, that have been identified in the cannabis sativa plant. While CBD was discovered more than 20 years before THC, it has still fallen short to the attention THC receives throughout the cannabis research industry.
CBD is used for a variety of different reasons including anxiety, pain, inflammation and other conditions. Recent studies have shown that CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which contains two cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. These receptors are located on cells throughout the body and act as a self-regulating system that carry out numerous cellular responses to achieve homeostasis and healthy functioning. CB1 receptors are located on nerve cells in the brain and central nervous systems and help with memory processing, motor regulation, mood and sleep. CB2 receptors play a more significant role in the immune system and help fight inflammation and damage to tissue areas.
CBD oil is taken from hemp plants that contain high levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and low levels of THC.
While hemp and marijuana are scientifically similar, they are genetically very different. Both hemp and marijuana contain CBD and are species of the cannabis sativa plant but are bred for different purposes. Hemp is very fibrous, has long stalks and few flowering buds while marijuana is typically smaller, flimsier and contains many flowering buds.
With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, all CBD that is extracted from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC is federally legal. Despite this, the legality of CBD products may vary at the state level.
The answer depends on the type of test. Most drug test only screen for the psychoactive compound THC and not CBD. While this is good news for most CBD users, there are some full-spectrum hemp extracts that contain some levels of THC and can trigger a test when taken in high doses.
While it is unlikely that a low dose of CBD while have any effect, it is possible that high doses of CBD may inhibit certain liver enzymes. Always consult with your doctor, especially when medication is being taken to maintain certain blood levels.
The best advice we can give you is to take it slow. For the first week, start with a lower dose, around 5mg. Add onto the dosage as needed. By taking a gradual approach, you’ll find what amount of CBD you’ll need to achieve successful alleviation.
Recent studies have shown that the endocannabinoid system plays a large role in the homeostasis of the skin. There are many cannabinoid receptors in the skin, that once stimulated by CBD, help regulate pain sensation and inflammatory responses.
We recommend your CBD be stored in a room temperature setting, away from any sunlight or humidity. When properly stored, CBD products typically last up to a year.